70 - 80 years
As life progress, we start to accumulate a wealth of experience and wisdom to share with others. Finding the right balance between different state of mind and physical ability is important in the community, that's why we should cherish each individual in the community.
During this period, the importance of high-quality nutrients intake and remain the same as other life stages. Nutrients help to minimize the incidence in getting diseases. However, as we age , there will be a number of lifestyle changes and some may impact on our diet. Emotions will affect our nutrient intake, leading to issues, such as: skip meals and less aware of food choices.
When you don’t drink enough water, your body may trigger a signs of thirst. Although thirst signals the need to drink water, you actually need water long before you become thirsty. This is especially important for seniors. For elderly whos body weight is 55-75 kg), we recommend them to drink 1,650 to 2,500 ml of liquid per day, which may include water, herbal tea, soft drinks and juices. Coffee and tea are diuretic, which can increase the body's need for fluids and should therefore be consumed in moderation.
Many people with dementia have a sense of fear, but in the seventies, only 10% of people have significant memory loss problems. In addition, only half were Alzheimer's disease. This percentage will certainly rise among older elderly; however, it's worth noting that although Alzheimer's disease is the most common causes of dementia, many factors will affect our mental health, including:
• medical treatment
• Vision or hearing impairment
• Degenerative diseases - such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease
• Intellectual activity - some evidence shows that learning new information will enable the brain to remain active, slow mental deterioration. In fact, learning ability will not decline due to aging, but may slow down learning.
Heart and Vascular Health
A stroke is caused by cardiovascular disease, and is the second largest cause of death. As more than 50 percent of strokes occur after 75 years of age, maintaining cardiovascular health is increasingly important. Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease, it may cause damage to the vessel wall and increase the risk of other cardiovascular complications. Vitamin E is a protective nutrient to the cardiovascular system, thus reduce the risk of suffering from serious cardiovascular disease. Also, consider taking fish oil and CoQ10 make good use of its antioxidant properties and protect the blood vessels. Smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, quit smoking can reduce the risk.
Healthy teeth and gums are very important for us to enjoy the food. Missing teeth, sore gums and teeth improper installation can cause chewing difficulties. Regular dental checkups are very important; if you have dentures should be given the appropriate adjustments. When notice oral problems/discomforts, you are recommended to see a dentist immediately.
Elderly may suffer from degeneration of eyesight, cataracts, glaucoma or macular degeneration and other eye diseases. Some of the causes may include prolonged exposure to the sun and light, smoking, and diabetic. Some supplements may help to relieve the symptoms or prevent further degeneration, such as: zinc - contains antioxidant properties, proven to promote healthy yellow spots, also, bilberry helps to diminish eyestrain and redness. However, if you suffer from eye diseases, you may need to be evaluated and treated by healthcare professionals.
Individual activity decreases with age, so our required daily energy needs decline. This usually results in reduced food intake elderly.
- Addition of multivitamins, to ensure diet contains adequate nutrients.
- Consume large amounts of protein-rich foods (meat, fish, pod beans, nuts, eggs), or taking amino acid supplements to help slow down muscle loss.
- Eat lots of fruits and vegetables, provide the body with fiber and protective antioxidant nutrients.
- Consume at least three meals a day, to help maintain adequate nutritient intake and ensure a varied diet.
Medications and Complementary Medicines
Many drugs may increase some of the essential nutrients we need, add the appropriate nutrients good for your health:
- Steroids will increase the loss of calcium.
- Cholesterol-lowering drug will increase CoQ10 loss.
- Antacids reduce nutrients intake.
- Antibiotics destroy intestinal bacteria - take acidophilus supplements to replenish the beneficial bacteria levels.
In addition, some vitamins and minerals should not be taken together with the following drugs:
- Vitamin E and the blood thinner Warfarin should not be taken together.
- Doses greater than 1000 micrograms of folic acid may interfere with the anti-epileptic drug phenytoin.
- Zinc and tetracycline and quinolone antibiotics at the same time use may reduce its absorption. Between doses should be separated by four hours.